Use of Reporting Verbs in Research Articles by Pakistani Authors: A Corpus-Based Study

Authors

  • Amna Fayyaz Department of English, GCWUS
  • Maimoona Abdulaziz Riphah International University Faisalabad

Keywords:

Reporting verbs, Hyland’s model (2002), Research articles, Pakistani journals

Abstract

The present study aims to explore the use of reporting verbs in introduction and literature review sections of different social sciences fields’ research articles by Pakistani authors. This study follows two objectives; the first is to find out the use and frequency of reporting verbs and the second is to identify the most dominant and least prominent category of reporting verbs. Hyland’s (2002) classification of reporting verbs into three categories (research acts, cognitive acts and discourse acts) is implied to explore the use of reporting verbs for citation in the introduction and literature review sections of research articles. By keeping in view, the simple random sampling research articles of social sciences’ disciplines published in Pakistani journals are selected to identify the use and frequency of reporting verbs. Cluster sampling is done to select the journals and random sampling is adopted to collect the research articles from different journals of Pakistan. Purposive sampling is deployed to take introduction and literature review sections of research articles for findings. Quantitative data analysis approach is used for data analysis and textual analysis is adopted as a research design. Overall findings indicate that reporting verbs relevant to discourse acts are more frequently being used by authors to cite the work of others. Cognitive acts’-based reporting verbs are the second most prevalent category of reporting verbs in selected research articles. The totality of results shows that reporting verb ‘state’ is commonly being used by authors for citation in introduction and literature review sections of research articles. Sub-category ‘critical’ of discourse acts’-based reporting verbs is not being adopted at all to cite the work of others. Non-factive as a sub-category of discourse acts is more frequently being used by authors of social sciences’ research articles to cite the work of others. The second most frequent sub-category is factive under the research acts’-based reporting verbs. This study is significant for academic writers to get an idea about the use of reporting verbs for citation, and to enhance their formal and informal writing skills.

Author Biographies

Amna Fayyaz, Department of English, GCWUS

Lecturer, Department of English, GCWUS

Maimoona Abdulaziz, Riphah International University Faisalabad

Assistant Professor, Department of English, Riphah International University Faisalabad

Published

2022-02-25

How to Cite

1.
Fayyaz A, Abdulaziz M. Use of Reporting Verbs in Research Articles by Pakistani Authors: A Corpus-Based Study. Corporum [Internet]. 2022Feb.25 [cited 2022May21];5(1):84-98. Available from: https://journals.au.edu.pk/ojscrc/index.php/crc/article/view/205