Exploring the Factors Affecting Speaking Skills in the English Language: The Case Study of Rural Sindh Students


  • Sadia Naz Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto University of Law, Karachi
  • Nadeem Jalban
  • Ayaz Ali Jarah Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazir Abad


Speaking skills  AV- aids  English language  Rural Sindh  SPSS


The main purpose of this paper was to explore the factors that
affect the speaking skills of rural Sindh students. The main
objectives of this study were to identify the teacher and
students‟ related factors that affect the speaking of the English
language of rural Sindh students. The research approach for
this study was quantitative and its nature was exploratory. The
study was conducted at Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University
located in District Shaheed Benazirabad (Sindh) it is a general
University that enrolled students from rural areas of Sindh.
Undergraduate students studying in different departments
including Chemistry, Information Technology, English,
Education, Media, and BBA were the population of this
research, from every department 50% of students were
selected with the help of random sampling. To gather
satisfactory information, the researcher used a questionnaire
as a tool. The questionnaire tool has been selected to conduct
data through closed-ended questions that were based on five
points, i.e. Likert scale. Data were analyzed in the statistical
package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20 software
through descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage,
and tabulations. The study findings showed that various
factors such as anxiety, self-confidence, passive participation
in-class activities, lack of knowledge in L2, and lack of modern
resources such as AV-AIDS affect the speaking competence of
students in the English language. The current study
recommended that teachers should design speaking techniques
that may help and guide students to learn more effectively and
develop their speaking competence to boost their performance
in the English language Class. Further, they have to develop
favorable learning conditions for students and let them
practice their speaking English through speaking activities like
role-play and drama, debate competition, picture description,



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Citation of this paper

Naz, S. Jalbani, N., & Jarah, A. A. (2022). Exploring the factors affecting speaking

skills in the English language: The case study of rural Sindh students.

Erevna: Journal of Linguistics and Literature 6(1), 127-152



How to Cite

Sadia Naz, Nadeem Jalban, & Ayaz Ali Jarah. (2022). Exploring the Factors Affecting Speaking Skills in the English Language: The Case Study of Rural Sindh Students. Erevna: Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 6(1), 127-152. Retrieved from https://journals.au.edu.pk/ojserevna/index.php/erevna/article/view/303