New Literacy Studies: A Study of Literacy Practices in Middle Class Youth of Southern Punjab, Multan

Abstract

This article aims at unveiling literacy practices of the middle-class youth of Southern Punjab, Multan in order to assess the nexus between literacy, social class, and culture. The study shows Pakistani youth acquire a range of literacies depending upon the situation they are in. The literacies thus acquired help shaping their outlook and worldview. The most prominent literacies as mentioned by the participants include: academic literacies, family literacies, oral literacies, social media literacies and
Islamic literacies. Drawing on Street’s Ideological Model of Literacy ‘literacies’ are explored to evaluate to what extent literacy practices may serve as tools for worldview and ideology formation. This theoretical exploration is complemented with a small-scale survey with ten participants (5 females and 5 males) and two case studies. The case studies address if/to what degree Pakistani youth have appropriated socio-cultural literacy practices to function as self-reflective instruments. Young men and women between 18 to 24 years of age belonging to Southern Punjab, Multan participated in the study. Findings indicate that literacy practices can – and do – serve as ideology and worldview shaping tool.

References

Adil, A. (2017). Our middle class. In The News (Electronic edition).
https://www.thenews.com.pk/print/210660-Our-middle-class
Barton, D. (1994). Literacy: An introduction to the ecology of written language. Oxford:
Blackwell.
Barton, D. & Hamilton, L. (1998). Local literacies: Reading and writing in one community.
London: Routledge.
Cairney, T. and Ruge, J. (1998). Community literacy practices and schooling: Towards
effective support for students. Canberra, Australia: Department of Employment,
Education and Training.
Fairclough, N. (1992). Discourse and social change. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical discourse analysis. London: Longman.
Fairclough, N. (2001). Language and Power: London: Routledge.
Fairclough, N. (2003). Analyzing discourse andtText: Textual analysis for social research.
London: Routledge.
Gee, J. P. (1991). Social linguistics and literacies: Ideology in discourses. Routledge:
London.
Gilbert, D. (1997). American class structure in an age of growing inequality. Wadsworth.
Hashmi, M. A., Tahir, A. & Akhtar, M. S. (2019). Pedagogical and learning challenges in
implementing English as a medium of instruction in rural area public schools.
Erevna: Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 3(2), 42-56.
Heath, S. B. (1983). Ways with words: Language and work in communities and classrooms.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Husain, I. (2005). A keynote address of Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan, at the
Expo Conference, Karachi, 3 February 2005.
http://www.bis.org/review/r050217g.pdf
International Reading Association, National Council of Teacehers of English. (2006).
Standard for Middle and High School literacy coaches. Carnegie: New York.
Khan, M. A., Malik, R. & Dar, S. R. (2017). Deconstruction of ideological discursivity in
Pakistani print media advertisements from CDA perspective. Erevna: Journal of
Linguistics and Literature, 1(1), 57-79.
Lindlof, T. R. & Taylor, B. C. (2011). Qualitative communication research methods.
California, London, Delhi & Singapore.Sage.
Mobilink, UNESCO to use mobile phones to increase access to literacy A world (2009).
Retrieved June 2013, 2013. http://www.paklife.net/files/SOCIAL
MEDIA%20Literacy%20Program.pdf
Silverblatt, A. (2001) Media literacy: Keys to interpreting media messages. Westport CT:
Praeger.Rizwan
Erevna: Journal of Linguistics & Literature Volume 4 Issue 2
47
Street, B. (1984). Literacy in theory and practice. Cambridge: CUP
Street, B. (1995) Social literacies: Critical approaches to literacy in development,
ethnography and education, Longman: London and New York.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics. (1999). Literacy: Definition.
http://uis.unesco.org/en/glossary-term/literacy#slideoutmenu. Retrieved March
10.2021.
Warner, W. L. (1960). Social class in America: A manual of procedure for the
measurement of social status. New York: Harper.
Zappavigna, M. (2012). Discourse of Twitter and social media. London & New York:
Continuum.

Published

2021-02-27 — Updated on 2021-03-31

Versions

How to Cite

New Literacy Studies: A Study of Literacy Practices in Middle Class Youth of Southern Punjab, Multan. (2021). Erevna Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 4(2), 35-49. Retrieved from http://journals.au.edu.pk/ojserevna/index.php/erevna/article/view/188 (Original work published February 27, 2021)